quarta-feira, 20 de maio de 2009

Criando e Descompactando arquivos zip, tar, tar.bz, tar.bz2, 7z

Arquivos .zip (é necessário ter instalado unzip/gzip)

Compactar arquivos/pasta na extensão .zip

Para Arquivos

# zip nomedoarquivo.zip nomedoarquivo
ex: zip teste.zip teste.txt

Para Pasta

# zip -r nomedoarquivo.zip nomedapasta
ex: zip -r backup.zip backup

Extraindo

# unzip nomedoarquivo.zip (arquivos/pastas)

Arquivos .tar

Compactar arquivos/pastas na extensão .tar

Para Arquivos e Pastas

# tar -cvf nomedoarquivo.tar nomedoarquivo/pasta
ex: tar -cvf teste.tar teste.txt (arquivo)
ex: tar -cvf backup.tar backup (pasta)

Extraindo

# tar -xvf nomedoarquivo/pasta.tar

Obs: Você pode escolher onde extrair o arquivo .tar utilizando a sintaxe -C.

ex: tar -xvf nomedoarquivo.tar -C /home/usuario/Desktop

Arquivos .tar.gz

Compactar arquivos/pastas na extensão .tar.gz

Para Arquivos e Pastas

# tar -zcvf nomedoarquivo.tar nomedoarquivo/pasta
ex: tar -zcvf teste.tar.gz teste.txt (arquivo)
ex: tar -zcvf backup.tar.gz backup (pasta)

Extraindo

# tar -zxvf nomedoarquivo/pasta.tar.gz

Obs: Você pode escolher onde extrair o arquivo .tar.gz utilizando a sintaxe -C.

ex: tar -zxvf nomedoarquivo.tar.gz -C /home/usuario/Desktop

Arquivos .tar.bz2

Para Arquivos e Pastas

# tar -jcvf nomedoarquivo.tar.bz2 nomedoarquivo/pasta
ex: tar -jcvf teste.tar.bz2 teste.txt (arquivo)
ex: tar -jcvf backup.tar.bz2 backup (pasta)

Extraindo

# tar -jxvf nomedoarquivo/pasta.tar.bz2

Obs: Você pode escolher onde extrair o arquivo .tar.bz2 utilizando a sintaxe -C.

ex: tar -jxvf nomedoarquivo.tar.bz2 -C /home/usuario/Desktop


Arquivos .7z (é necessario instalado o p7zip)

Para Arquivos e Pastas

# 7z a -t7z nomedoarquivo.7z nomedoarquivo/pasta
ex: 7z a -t7z teste.7z teste.txt (arquivo)
ex: 7z a -t7z backup.tar backup (pasta)

Extraindo

# 7z x nomedoarquivo/pasta.7z

Detalhes

Tar
-c - cria um novo arquivo tar;
-v - exibe detalhes da operação;
-x - extrai arquivos de um arquivo tar;
-z - comprime ou extrai arquivos tar resultante com o .tar.gz;
-j - comprime ou extrai arquivos tar resultante com o .tar.bz2;
-f - especifica o arquivo tar a ser usado;


7z
a - Significa criar/adicionar um arquivo;
-t7z - Está dizendo que o tipo do arquivo é classificado como 7zip;
x - Extrair o arquivo .7z na pasta que está;

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